In today’s society, there are millions of children who are unable to access or attend schools which impedes on their right to an education. More than 72 million children of primary education age are not in school and 759 million adults are illiterate and do not have the awareness necessary to improve both their living conditions and those of their children (Humanium, 2015). This supports the notion that there are many factors which prevent these children from receiving an education. Marginalization means to put someone down into a powerless position within society and children around the world are not being given access to education due to inequalities such as sex, health and cultural identity. A countries financial deficit is another common reason why children lack an education. These countries lack the financial resources necessary to create and maintain schools, provide materials and hire teachers and staff. This lack of funding affects this countries ability to create a stable school system which affects the children’s opportunity to go to school as there may be a lack of schools in their area. Another main factor which affects childhood education is health. There are many children who are forced to abandon their education due to health issues, which in most cases are related to malnutrition. Lastly, poverty in families forces many children to drop out of school. Children ranging from young to old are often needed in order to support their families and bring in an income.We have to ask ourselves, in third world countries do they have a choice? Are their rights being taken away or are they struggling to survive and are often needed to work or watch their young siblings while their parents work. We must address the poverty that exists and grant these children the right to the basic necessities in life including food, water and an education because children need to be healthy in order to develop and learn.
We need to educate ourselves and be aware of the millions of children who continue to suffer from a lack of education. A site that provides a number of facts about education around the world is DoSomething.org. Here are a few that I found most shocking:
- In the sub-Saharan, 11.07 million children leave school before completing their primary education. In South and West Asia, that number reaches 13.54 million.
- According to UNESCO, 61 million primary school-age children were not enrolled in school in 2010. Of these children, 47% were never expected to enter school, 26% attended school but left, and the remaining 27% are expected to attend school in the future.
- In developing, low-income countries, every additional year of education can increase a person’s future income by an average of 10%. (DoSomething, 2015)
These statistics provide insight into the issues revolving around children’s rights to education and the reality that there are many children around the globe who do not have the opportunity to go to or stay in school. This sites emphasizes the need for a social change to allow these children a chance to educate themselves and have the possibility to create a better life for themselves and their families.